Gata source of thermo-mineral water is among the most respected in Bosnia and Herzegovina, well known for its healing properties and a long tradition of use.
Local residents were the first to verify the healing powers of their spring, but the high quality of Gata thermo-mineral water and the power of its medicinal properties have also been confirmed through scientific research. Recent data obtained by the researcher Prof Ratomir Tišma, MD, PhD, DMedSc, have once again confirmed Gata’s high quality and healing properties:
- Gata is rich in electrolytes; salts which dissolve in water and give ions: the positive ions (cations) and the negative ions (anions). Most abundant cations present in the Gata water are calcium, sodium and magnesium, and to a lesser extent potassium while the top 3 of the most abundantly present anions are sulfate, hydrogen carbonate and chloride;
Electrolytes are charged particles that are critical for biological systems and all higher life forms. Their function is to conduct and properly exchange electrical signals inside and outside of the cell membrane.
- Gata is rich in a wide variety of oligoelements or microelements, which is a rare occurrence in thermo-mineral waters. Gata boasts the presence of essential metals including lithium, arsenic, copper and cobalt, but also essential minerals (microminerals) like zinc, strontium, barium, manganese, cesium, molybdenum and selenium.
Mineral substances and oligoelements are crucial for the normal and healthy functioning of the organism. Many complex chemical reactions in the body cannot take place without the simultaneous participation of minerals and oligoelements.
- Gata is mildly radioactive; radon, radium and uranium are found at low levels in Gata spring water and all three belong to a group of approximately 60 naturally occurring radionuclides found in the environment.
Uranium, radium, and radon have proven to be highly successful in increasing the cure rate in patients suffering from inflammatory rheumatic diseases and post-traumatic orthopedic conditions (conditions after conservatively or surgically treated fractures, sprains or dislocations).
- Gata has average temperature of 36°C and is pH neutral (7.1).
The healing waters of Bosnia and Herzegovina have been used since the ancient times; archeological traces date back to the Ancient Romans period.
With the arrival of the Imperial Romans, the Gata source was walled and put into a function as a bath which was generally the case in all the Roman colonies. Bathing played a major part in ancient Roman culture and society, a habit which they didn't neglect even during their conquest and colonization.
With the construction of baths, they exploited the healing powers of waters and treated the problems related to rheumatism and arthritis, as well as those related to the effects of excessive enjoyment of food and drink. In addition to building a bath, Romans also formed a new recreational and social center in the community.
After the Romans, another conquering nation recognized the values of Gata's thermo-mineral water. During the time of the Ottoman Empire hamams were built in almost every Ottoman city, and during their rule the use of Gata's healing water was the most intense.
A Turkish bath, hamam, mostly evolved from the Roman roots and adapted to the needs of ritual purification according to Islam by combining elements of the Roman baths with the Asian Turkish tradition of steam bathing, ritual cleansing and respect of water.
The hamam was both a bath and a social center - not exclusive to men. Males and females were admitted at separate times, or a hamam complexes provided separate quarters for men and women. On many occasions it was a places of dancing and food, especially in the women's quarters, as well as a place of various ceremonies, such as before weddings, high-holidays, beauty treatments or celebrating newborns.
In the Islamic hamam the air is often steamy, and the process of taking a bath starts with relaxation in a heated room, after which bathers may move to an even hotter room before they wash in cold running water and finally relax in a cooling-room.
Muslim customs put a high priority on cleanliness; that is why they preferred running water (today showers) over immersion baths.
This fabulous hot steam hydro-therapy has a miraculous effect on both the physical and mental state of bathers.
First Buildings at Gata
The organizational management and the use of medicinal springs in Bosnia and Herzegovina dates back to 1895 when the first accommodation and spa facilities were built. About a hundred years later, in 1990, a modern one was built which till today serves as a public health facility. Gata is today widely recognized for its excellence in balneo-physical and rehabilitation treatments, and supervision of qualified physicians and medical professionals.
The combination of healing water and the quality of professional therapies have proven highly successful in the treatment of:
- neurological and neuromuscular disorders
- diseases and injuries of extremities
- skin diseases
- diseases of the digestive system
- gynecological diseases.
Gata source of thermo-mineral water is located in the Northern Bosnia, 18 km northwest of the town of Bihac. Although still primarily a public health facility dedicated to the treatment of domestic residents / patients, Gata also accepts reservations for patients who make their own arrangements and have an original letter of recommendation written by their internist. In the future, hopefully the near one, Gata plans to offer modern medical wellness programs to general public.
For more information please use below contacts:
ZU Lječilište Gata
Ilidžanska bb Gata. Bihac, BA
Reservations: +387(0)37 328-156 (Mon - Fri: 7:00 to 19:00, Sat - Sun: 7:00 to 14:00)
Future Tourist-Rehabilitation Center Gata
According to effective utilization of available public resources, Gata continually works on improving its accommodation and technical infrastructure to ensure service quality and make their clients feel welcome and comfortable. In hopes of a brighter future, they look forward to cooperate with responsible investors in defining future complex tourism products that rely on a responsible, ecological and, sustainable use of natural resources.
There are plans for: development of tourism and hospitality infrastructure and amenities; the construction of hotels, swimming pools and accompanying spa, sport, and recreational facilities.
This historic thermal source is now a part of the large GWT2P tourist destination led by two two natural gems, two national parks, Plitvice Lakes and Una!