Safety Rules & Regulations


Nature is for everyone to enjoy. But we must keep in mind that areas filled with natural wonders also hide potential hazards
.

Safety First!!

 

To fully enjoy your holiday and nature, take the time to remind yourself of how to stay safe. Read our tips and, as always, stay safe and have fun! 

Pay maximum attention to your physical fitness, equipment and above all to your own safety because you are using the trails, facilities and the website content at your own risk.

Your safety and enjoyment are very important to us and to ensure a pleasant stay it is essential that you adhere to the standard safety regulations which are intended to protect you and the nature resources.

Safety rules and regulations

  • walk, cycle, ride in a group, do not separate from the group;
  • notify your family or hosts about the direction of your walk and the time you will be back, and stick to it;
  • sign into the book of visitors in the mountain lodges;
  • ask and follow the advice given by your hosts, local guides or experienced mountaineers;
  • stick to established trails, don't take shortcuts through the deserted area or private properties;
  • count on the possible change of weather, take the spare warm clothes, a hat and the protection against the rain and the wind;
  • always carry a flashlight;
  • always carry matches or a lighter and a candle;
  • always carry a small personal pharmacy kit for the first aid;
  • on longer lasting excursion always carry a mountain map and a compass if possible;
  • wear solid, comfortable shoes with ribbed rubber soles;
  • during winter be more cautious and remember that the dark falls early;
  • do not go on excursions during winter if you did not get to know the location during summer;
  • do not go on higher hills during winter without experienced mountaineers in the group;
  • do not go into higher mountains after the heavy snowfall for at least three days;
  • gwt2p trails are open to and shared by hikers and runners, bicycle riders, equestrians. Saher the trail and work cooperatively to keep each other safe;
  • follow the weather forecast and warnings.

GWT2P - Green Trails

GWT2P regional area has an old and dense network of public footpaths, but due to the lack of agricultural and livestock activities paths are nowadays mostly overgrown. Revitalization plan started slowly and in this initial phase the trails are marked with simple international red and white hiking signs.

GWT2P - red and white hiking trail signs

Parts under construction are marked on a map that you can "download" on your devices. Generally, these sections can be easily bypassed. The trails are mostly wide and clear stretching from village to village where friendly locals will gladly offer some useful advice or assistance. For important and helpful tips and phone numbers please see our Rules and regs.

Abandoned military airbase Zeljava - important safety precautions

Abandoned military airbase Zeljava is positioned in the center of the GreenWay Tour 2Parks destination, on the main GWT2P „artery“ near the border.
It is important to remember that this area was part of the intense military operations in the recent history.
A great ecological damage was done with the destruction of the airport and there is still a risk of polychlorinated biphenyls, chemicals and radioactive americium-241 from hundreds of ionization smoke detectors. 

Abandoned military airbase Željava is not open to the public:

  • do not enter the premises of the former the military base;
  • take care of your safety, you are responsible for it always and everywhere;
  • stick to established trails, don't take shortcuts through the deserted area or private properties;
  • ask for and follow the advice given by your hosts or local guides;
  • be mindful of personal curiosity.

You can find more interesting information about the airbase under Explore Local.

Think - Act Safe and enjoy beautiful scenery

What to do in case of an accident 

  • don’t panic, keep calm and calm others;
  • protect the victim of the accident and yourself from direct danger (of falling, of falling stones, of suffocating, from cold and humidity, etc.);
  • apply first aid according to your knowledge and possibilities;
  • mark the location of the accident or the location where the victim is located (especially in winter);
  • inform the emergency services as soon as possible.  

EMERGENCY SERVICES

Republic of Croatia

  • primary national emergency number: 112 
  • urgent medical service: 194;
  • Police: 192;
  • information points of the Mountain Rescue Services, with a clear mark and name of GSS.

Bosnia and Herzegovina

  • urgent medical service: 124
  • Mountain Rescue Service in Bihać: +387(0)61 144-248;
  • Police122;
  • information points of the Mountain Rescue Services, with a clear mark and name of GSS.

The information about the accident should contain the following information:

  • who is reporting the accident (name, surname, phone number/mobile) for possible contact for more information;
  • where is the person reporting the accident from and how did he/she know about the accident (witness or mediator);
  • the location of the accident (detailed description);
  • who is injured (surname, name, DOB, address);
  • what happened (cause of the accident and type of injuries);
  • what was done about the accident (the type of first aid provided, who is informed about the accident);
  • weather conditions on the location of the accident;
  • the conditions on the road approaching the location of the accident.

Call for help in a mountain:

  • the call for help in the mountains or rocks is given by light or sound signals;
  • the call and the response must be repeated until the communication has been established firmly and clearly;
  • the call signals are given six times in one minute every two minutes, and the response the same way three times every two minutes;
  • position your body in the form of a letter “Y” – Yes (your body upright and arms raised and outspread) – the position that signals that help is needed as well as firing red flares.

Act - Be safe and explore beautiful nature

What to do if you encounter a bear  

Rules of conduct can be divided into two groups of rules: rules of conduct on bears territory and rules of conduct when encountering a bear. They are important in order to not disturb the bears and other wild animals.

Rules of conduct on bears territory: 

  • the most important thing is to avoid a surprise encounters with a bear and to be aware you are walking on his territory;
  • follow marked, formal or well-established trails during the day, avoid walking during the night;
  • walk in groups; 
  • walk in a way that a bear can hear you, the best is to talk in a moderate voice or if alone call out and clap your hands frequently, sing loudly;
  • if the wind is blowing in your direction, or if entering an unclear spot (different types of underbrush, raspberry bush) you need to be louder.

Rules of conduct when encountering a bear:

The general rule of thumb is that a bear will attack humans if they are surprised, feel they are in danger, wish to protect territory or if they have cubs and see no other possible exit than an attack or active defense. Unlike humans, the animals behave in almost the same way if presented with the same situation so we can draw some rules or patterns of behavior from their reactions in these situations.

The following list includes the most case scenarios for bear encounters:

  • when people walk through a bear habitat (forest, mountain, rocks, and underbrush) very silently and very slowly and surprise a bear (face to face encounter);
  • when people (usually on excursions) encounter a bear and surround him to get a better look or a better photo;
  • when a female bear has cubs and cubs separate from their mom and find themselves between the mother and humans;
  • when cubs curiously approach humans (this is the rarest of all possibilities);
  • if you enter a bear’s lair which happens sometimes to speleologists when they want to explore a fissure in the rock or a cave and surprise a bear in it.

Bear has detected you:

  • if you do encounter a bear at 100 m or less, do not run or make loud noises, allow a bear to identify you, speak calmly so that it knows you are a human (their eyesight is quite poor) and back away slowly, keeping a close eye on the bear;
  • bears can stand on their hind legs to get a better look (they don’t attack in this position);
  • back away slowly and calmly in the direction you came from and silently make your presence known to him so the bear can keep track of you as you move away;
  • if a bear is stalking you than you are in a predatory situation and fighting back is your only option;
  • do not play dead until the last moment, curl up in a ball with your hands laced behind your neck, hold on tight, play dead;
  • bear attacks are mostly defensive in nature, show the bear that you are not a threat.

Fortunately, we don't have records of bear attacks. :)

 Mountain or forest walking is no more dangerous than walking in the city. If we are aware that we are walking through wild animals' habitat and that we should behave according to certain rules of conduct we will have great time and get the most out of our visit. 

And these lovely creatures are harmless animals you'll surely meet while you trail around our 2Parks.
Bears are wise, thus flee from people! :) 

Enjoying the harmless encounters

Safety rules and regulations are aimed to keep people safe, animals undisturbed by human contact, and nature protected from being damaged.

So keep your safety in mind, take care of nature because nature is life, and have a great time! 

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